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PCU Publications

2003 - 2004

Scientific books

  1. Mc Neely, J.A. et al. (18 authors, including D.M. Richardson)(2004). A global strategy on invasive alien species. In: Mooney, H.A., Mc Neely, J.A., Neville, L., Schei, P.J. & Waage, J. (eds), Invasive alien species: A new synthesis. Island Press, Washington, D.C. (in press).
  2. Rejmánek, M., Richardson, D.M. & Pyšek, P. (2004). Plant invasions and invasibility of plant communities. In: van der Maarel, E. (ed.), Vegetation Ecology, pp. 332-355. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford.
  3. Rejmánek, M., Richardson, D.M., Higgins, S.I., Pitcairn, M.J. & Grotkopp, E. (2005). Ecology of invasive plants – state of the art. In: Mooney, H.A., Mack, R.N., Mc Neely, J.A., Neville, L., Schei, P.J. & Waage, J. (eds), Invasive alien species: A new synthesis. Island Press, Washington, D.C. (in press).
  4. Richardson, D.M., Binggeli, P. & Schroth, G. (2004). Invasive agroforestry trees: problems and solutions. In: Schroth, G., de Fonseca, G.A.B., Harvey, C.A., Gascon, C., Vasconcelos, H. & Izac, A.-M. N. (eds), Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes, pp. 371-396. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  5. Richardson, D.M., Cambray, J.A., Chapman, R.A., Dean, W.R.J., Griffiths, C.L., Le Maitre, D.C., Newton, D.J. & Winstanley, T.J. (2003). Vectors and pathways of biological invasions in South Africa - Past, future and present. In: Ruiz, G. & Carlton, J. (eds), Invasive Species: Vectors and Management Strategies, pp. 292-349. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  6. Richardson, D.M., Rouget, M. & Rejmánek, M. (2004). Using natural experiments in the study of alien tree invasions: Opportunities and limitations. In: Gordon. M.S. & Bartol, S.M. (eds), Experimental approaches to conservation biology, pp. 180-201. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  7. Rouget, M. & Richardson, D.M. (2003). Understanding patterns of plant invasion at different spatial scales: quantifying the roles of environment and propagule pressure. In: Child, L.E., Brock, J.H., Brundu, G., Prach, K., Pyšek, P., Wade, P.M. & Williamson, M. (eds.) 2003. Plant Invasions: Ecological threats and management solutions, pp. 3-15. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  8. Rundel, P.W. & Richardson, D.M. (2004). Pines. In: Burley, J., Evans, J & Youngquist, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences. Vol. 3, pp. 1430-1441. Elsevier (Academic Press), Oxford.
  9. Schroth, G. et al. (21 authors, including D.M. Richardson) (2004). Conclusion: Agroforestry and biodiversity conservation in tropical landscapes. In: Schroth, G., de Fonseca, G.A.B., Harvey, C.A., Gascon, C., Vasconcelos, H. & Izac, A.-M. N. (eds), Agroforestry and biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes, pp. 487-501. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Papers in refereed scientific journals

  1. Anderson, P, Hoffman, MT, and Holmes, P. (2004). The potential of Cephalophyllum inaequale for the restoration of degraded arid landscapes in Namaqualand, South Africa. Restoration Ecology 12(3): 343-351.
  2. Brooks, M.L., D’Antonio, C.M., Richardson, D.M. Grace J.B., Keeley J.E., Di Tomaso J.M., Hobbs R.J., Pellant M. & Pyke D. (2004). Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes. BioScience 54: 677-688.
  3. Bolus, C., Hoffman, M.T., Todd, S.W., Powell, E., Hendricks, H. & Clark, B. (2004). The distribution and population structure of Aloe pillansii in South Africa in relation to climate and elevation. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 59(2). (In press).
  4. Cowling, R.M., Pressey, R.L., Rouget, M. & Lombard, A.T. 2003. A conservation plan for a global biodiversity hotspot – the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa . Biological Conservation, 112: 191-216.
  5. Desmet P. & Cowling R.M. 2004. Using the species–area relationship to set baseline targets for conservation. Ecology and Society 9(2): 11. URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art11
  6. Desmet, P. & Cowling, R.M. (2004). Using the species-area relationship to derive conservation targets. Conservation Ecology (in press).
  7. Esler, K.J., Cowling, R.M. & Eccles, N.S. (2003). The horizontal distribution of root biomass in a South African winter-rainfall desert community. South African Journal of Botany 68: 443-446.
  8. Foxcroft, L. & Richardson, D.M. (2003). Managing alien plant invasions in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. In: Child, L.E., Brock, J.H., Brundu, G., Prach, K., Pyšek, P., Wade, P.M. & Williamson, M. (eds.) 2003. Plant Invasions: Ecological threats and management solutions, pp. 385-403. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  9. Forsyth, G.G., Richardson, D.M., Brown, P.J. & van Wilgen, B.W. (2004). A rapid assessment of the invasive status of Eucalyptus species in two South African provinces. South African Journal of Science 100: 75-77.
  10. Foxcroft, L.C., Richardson, D.M., Rouget, M. & MacFadyen, S. (2004). Reconstructing fifty years of Opuntia stricta invasion in the Kruger National Park: environmental determinants and propagule pressure. Diversity and Distributions 10: 427-437.
  11. Galatowitsch, S.M. & Richardson, D.M. (2005) Riparian scrub recovery after clearing of invasive alien trees in headwater streams of the Western Cape, South Africa . Biological Conservation 122: 509-521 [despite the date, published in 2004]
  12. Hoffman M.T. 2003. ‘Nature’s method of grazing’: Non-Selective Grazing (NSG) as a means of veld reclamation in South Africa . South African Journal of Botany 69(1): 92-98.
  13. Hoffman M.T. and Cowling R.M. 2003. ‘Enough to be considered useful’: John Acocks’ contribution to South African botany. South African Journal of Botany 69(1): 1-6.
  14. Holmes, P.M. & Newton, R.J. (2004). Patterns of seed persistence in South African fynbos. Plant Ecology 172:143-158.
  15. Latimer, A.M., Silander, J.A., Gelfand, A.E., Rebelo, A.G. & Richardson, D.M. (2004). A method for quantifying the magnitude of threat to plant biodiversity from alien plant invasions and other anthropogenic factors – A case study in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 100: 81-86.
  16. Le Maitre, D.C., Richardson, D.M. & Chapman, R.A. (2004). Alien plant invasions in South Africa: driving forces and the human dimension. South African Journal of Science 100: 103-112.
  17. Mc Neely, J.A. et al. (18 authors, including D.M. Richardson)(2004). A global strategy on invasive alien species. In: Mooney, H.A., Mc Neely, J.A., Neville, L., Schei, P.J. & Waage, J. (eds), Invasive alien species: A new synthesis. Island Press, Washington, D.C. (in press).
  18. Meadows M.E. & Hoffman M.T. 2002. The nature, extent and causes of land degradation in South Africa: legacy of the past, lessons for the future? Area 34(4): 428-437.
  19. Meadows M.E. & Hoffman M.T. 2003. Land degradation and climate change in South Africa. The Geographical Journal 169(2): 168-177.
  20. Milton, S.J., Dean, W.R.J. & Richardson, D.M. (2003). Economic incentives for restoring natural capital: trends in southern Africa rangelands. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1: 247-254.
  21. Nel, J.L., Richardson, D.M., Rouget, M., Mgidi, T., Mdzeke, N., Le Maitre, D.C., van Wilgen, B.W., Schonegevel, L., Henderson, L. & Neser, S. (2004) A proposed classification of invasive alien plant species in South Africa: towards prioritising species and areas for management action. South African Journal of Science 100: 53-64.
  22. Opel, M. and Desmet, P. (2004). The rediscovery of Crassula alcicornis. Haseltonia (in press).
  23. Parker-Allie, F., Richardson, D.M. & Holmes, P.M. (2004). The effects of past management practices for invasive alien plant control on subsequent recovery of fynbos on the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. South African Journal of Botany 70 (in press).
  24. Petersen, A., Young, E.M., Hoffman, M.T., Wyn Jones, G.E. and Musil, C.W. (2004). The impact of livestock grazing on landscape biophysical attributes in privately and communally managed rangelands in Namaqualand. South African Journal of Botany 70 (in press).
  25. Prins, N., Holmes, P.M. & Richardson, D.M. (2004). Towards a reference framework for the restoration of riparian vegetation degraded by invasive alien trees in the Western Cape, South Africa . South African Journal of Botany 70 (in press).
  26. Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M Rejmanek, M., Webster, G.L., Williamson, M. & Kirschner, J. (2004). Alien plants in checklists and floras: towards better communication between taxonomists and ecologists. Taxon 53: 131-143.
  27. Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M. & Williamson, M. (2004). Predicting and explaining plant invasions through analysis of source area floras: some critical considerations. Diversity and Distributions 10: 179-187.
  28. Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Rejmánek, M., Webster, G., Williamson, M. & Kirschner, J. (2004). Alien plants in checklists and floras: towards better communication between taxonomists and ecologists. Taxon (in press).
  29. Pressey, R.L., Cowling, R.M., Rouget, M. 2003. Formulating conservation targets for biodiversity pattern and process in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biological Conservation, 112: 99-127.
  30. Rejmánek, M. & Richardson, D.M. (2003). What makes some conifers more invasive? Acta Horticulturae 615: 375-380.
  31. Richardson, D.M., Moran, V.C., Le Maitre, D.C., Rouget, M. & Foxcroft, L.C. (2004). Recent developments in the science and management of invasive alien plants: Connecting the dots of research knowledge, and linking disciplinary boxes. South African Journal of Science (in press).
  32. Richardson, D.M. & Rejmánek, M. (2004). Invasive conifers: A global survey and predictive framework. Diversity and Distributions 10: 321-331.
  33. Richardson, D.M. & van Wilgen, B.W. (2004) Invasive alien plants in South Africa: how well do we understand the ecological impacts? South African Journal of Science 100: 45-52.
  34. Riginos C., Hoffman M.T. 2003. Changes in population biology of two succulent shrubs along a grazing gradient. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 615-625.
  35. Rouget, M. 2003. Measuring conservation value at fine and broad scales: implications for a diverse and fragmented region, the Agulhas Plain. Biological Conservation, 112: 217-232.
  36. Rouget, M. & Richardson, D.M. (2003). Inferring process from pattern in alien plant invasions: a semimechanistic model incorporating propagule pressure and environmental factors. American Naturalist 162: 713-724.
  37. Rouget, M. Richardson, D.M., Cowling, R.M., Lloyd, M.W. & Lombard, A.T. (2003). Current patterns of habitat transformation and future threats to biodiversity in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biological Conservation 112: 63-85 [Paper selected as "Hot paper" of the month in ecology/environment for November 2003 on the ISI web site (http://www.esi-topics.com/nhp/nhp-november2003.html)]
  38. Rouget, M., Cowling, R.M., Pressey, R.L. & Richardson, D.M. (2003). Identifying spatial components of ecological and evolutionary processes for regional conservation planning in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Diversity and Distributions 9: 191-210.
  39. Rouget, M., Richardson, D.M. & Cowling, R.M. (2003) The current configuration of protected areas in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa – reservation bias and representation of biodiversity patterns and processes. Biological Conservation 112: 129-145.
  40. Rouget, M., Richardson, D.M., Nel, J.L., Le Maitre, D.C., Egoh, B. & Mgidi, T. (2004). Mapping the potential spread of major plant invaders in South Africa using climatic suitability. Diversity and Distributions 10: 475-484.
  41. Strasberg, D., Rouget, M. Richardson, D.M., Baret, S., Dupont, J. & Cowling, R.M. (2004). An assessment of habitat diversity and transformation on La Réunion Island (Mascarene Islands, Indian ocean) as a basis for identifying broad-scale conservation priorities. Biodiversity and Conservation (in press).
  42. Trakhtenbrot, A., Nathan, R., Perry, G. & Richardson, D.M. (in press). The importance of long-distance dispersal in biodiversity conservation. Diversity and Distributions.
  43. Yelenik, S., Stock, W.D. & Richardson, D.M. (2004) Ecosystem-level impacts of invasive alien nitrogen-fixing plants. Ecosystem and community-level impacts of invasive alien Acacia saligna in the fynbos vegetation of South Africa. Restoration Ecology 12: 44-51.

Refereed chapters in books
[no reprints available]

  1. Richardson, D.M. (2003). Plant invasion ecology – coming of age? (Reviews of Booth et al. (2003) Weed ecology in natural and agricultural systems and Myers & Bazely (2003) Ecology and control of introduced plants). Diversity and Distributions 9: 489-491.
  2. Richardson, D.M. (2003). Sonoran desert invasions under the spotlight. (Review of Tellman (ed.) (2002). Invasive exotic species in the Sonoran Region). Diversity and Distributions 9: 332-333.

Popular articles

  1. 1.Desmet P. 2003. My friend Les. Veld & Flora 89(3): 93. September 2003.
  2. 2.Hoffman M.T. & Rourke J. (2003). The making of a legacy: Tributes to a plant lover – Leslie Hill 1908-2003. Veld & Flora 89(2): 44. June 2003.